The Atlantic

Spain's Fresh Memories of Dictatorship

Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont evokes the Franco era in the face of Madrid’s call for new regional elections.
Source: Gonzalo Fuentes / Reuters

Spain is experiencing its worst constitutional crisis in its nearly 40 years as a democracy, and it keeps escalating. This week, the Spanish government announced it would impose direct rule over the northeastern region of Catalonia, where a contested referendum—one Madrid had declared unconstitutional—yielded a vote in favor of independence. What’s next is uncertain, but some have turned to the country’s past to explain its unprecedented present.

Responding to Spanish

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