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Le feu: Journal d'une escouade
Le feu: Journal d'une escouade
Le feu: Journal d'une escouade
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Le feu: Journal d'une escouade

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Le Feu (sous-titré Journal d'une escouade) est un un récit par Henri BARBUSSE de sa vie au front durant la guerre 14/18, qui parut sous forme de feuilleton dans le quotidien L'Œuvre à partir du 3 août 1916, puis intégralement à la fin de novembre 1916 aux éditions Flammarion. Il reçoit la même année le prix Goncourt.

Henri Barbusse est le narrateur et personnage principal de ce récit. Le narrateur se situe durant la plupart du temps en focalisation interne. À la guerre, il est accompagné par de nombreux camarades : Volpatte, Poterloo, Fouillade, Barque, Farfadet, Eudore, Paradis, Poilpot, Poitron, Salavert, Tirette, Blaire, Cocon et Bertrand. Durant les vingt-deux mois qu'il passe en première ligne, il prend en note les expressions des soldats, leurs craintes, mais aussi fait part, à travers son récit, de la peur et de l'horreur dans laquelle il vit.
Release dateDec 12, 2018

Henri Barbusse

Henri Barbusse (1873-1935) was a novelist and member of the French Communist Party. Born in Asnières-sur-Seine, he moved to Paris at 16. There, he published his first book of poems, Pleureuses (1895) and embarked on a career as a novelist and biographer. In 1914, at the age of 41, Barbusse enlisted in the French Army to serve in the First World War, for which he would earn the Croix de guerre. His novel Under Fire (1916) was inspired by his experiences in the war, which scarred him and influenced his decision to become a pacifist. In 1918, he moved to Moscow, where he joined the Bolshevik Party and married a Russian woman. Barbusse briefly returned to France, joining the French Communist Party in 1923, before moving back to Russia to work as a writer whose purpose was to support Bolshevism, illuminate the dangers of capitalism, and inspire revolutionary movements worldwide. In addition to his writing, Barbusse took part in the World Committee Against War and Fascism and the International Youth Congress, as well as worked as an editor for Monde, Progrès Civique, and L’Humanité. His final work was a biography of Joseph Stalin, which appeared in 1936 after his death from pneumonia in Moscow. Buried in Paris, his funeral was attended by a half million mourners. Among his many friends and colleagues were Egon Kisch, Albert Einstein, and Romain Rolland.

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