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La Città del Sole
La Città del Sole
La Città del Sole
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La Città del Sole

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La città del Sole è un'opera filosofica del frate domenicano italiano Tommaso Campanella. La prima redazione fu scritta nel 1602 in volgare fiorentino, adottando lo stile dialogico proprio della tradizione esoterica platonica; il testo fu poi tradotto in lingua latina e pubblicato nella celebre edizione originale del 1623 a Francoforte, col titolo Civitas Solis. Idea reipublicae philosophicae.

L'opera, che richiama per molti aspetti la Repubblica di Platone, è presentata sotto forma di dialogo fra due personaggi: l'Ospitalario, cavaliere dell'ordine di Malta, e il Genovese, nocchiero di Colombo. Lo stesso Genovese racconta di aver scoperto una città con leggi e costumi perfetti nell'isola di Taprobana durante uno dei suoi viaggi in giro per il mondo.
LanguageItaliano
Release dateNov 28, 2017
ISBN9788885519411
La Città del Sole
Author

Tommaso Campanella

Tommaso Campanella (1568-1639) was an Italian philosopher, poet, astrologer, and Dominican friar. Born Giovanni Domenico Campanella in Calabria, he was the son of a cobbler. At fourteen, he entered the Dominican Order and took the name Tommaso after Thomas Aquinas. His early studies in theology and philosophy led him to the empiricism of Bernardino Telesio, a prominent Italian scientist of the sixteenth century. By 1590, Campanella was studying astrology in Naples, where he gained a reputation for heterodoxy and faced persecution during the Roman Inquisition. Arrested in Padua in 1594, he spent several years in confinement at a Roman convent before earning his freedom and returning to his native Calabria. In 1599, he was imprisoned and tortured for his role in a conspiracy against Spanish rule in the town of Stilo. Campanella eventually confessed and was incarcerated in Naples for twenty-seven years, during which time he composed such works as The Monarchy in Spain (1600), Political Aphorisms (1601), and The City of the Sun (1602). This last title, originally written in Italian and later translated into Latin by the author, is considered an important example of utopian fiction in which Campanella describes the traditions and organization of an egalitarian society. Released from prison in 1626, he fled to France in 1634 when one of his followers was implicated in a new Calabrian conspiracy. His final years were spent in Paris, where he earned the support of King Louis XIII and was protected by Cardinal Richelieu.

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